Setup Private Git Server in Ubuntu

As a developer, if you do not want to restrict yourself with paid or limited numbers of private repos in services like Github and Bitbucket, it would be desirable to set up your own private git server. This post aims to provide a step-by-step instruction to setting up a private git server.

Add user at the server

Generate public and private keys

Set up public key on the server

Set up private key locally

Create bare repo on the server

Add remote to local repo and push

Add more users
To add more users, you simply need to put more public keys into ~/.ssh/authorized_keys.

Limit git user privilege

To limit git users to only push and pull operations, we can change the shell of user git to git-shell.

References:
https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Git-on-the-Server-Setting-Up-the-Server

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